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Inside Teaching : April 2010
Inside Teaching | April 2010 PROFESSION 20 Quality: Doing what matters most, a 2008 report for the Business Council of Australia (BCA) that outlines the education reforms necessary for Australia to make it into the top five countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. ‘Suggestions to improve quality teaching tend to be simplistic, populist and non- evidenced-based. Such approaches include things such as higher salaries, “merit” pay, payment by results and getting rid of poorly performing teachers,’ Dinham noted when the BCA published the report. ‘What we have advocated in this report for the BCA is a much more comprehensive, integrated, evidenced- based, national approach to drive the quality of teaching upwards and to lead to increased student achievement. Central to this approach is a new career and salary structure for teachers to encourage and award greater levels of professional accomplishment.’ As Dinham, Ingvarson and Kleinhenz put it in their report, ‘Salary structures for teachers need to be more effective as instruments for promoting widespread use of successful teaching practices.... We know that good teachers matter, but we must start to act as if we really believed it.’ ■ REFERENCES Ayres, P., Dinham, S. & Sawyer, W. (1999). Successful teaching in the NSW Higher School Certificate. Sydney: NSW Department of Education & Training. Ayres, P., Dinham, S. & Sawyer, W. (1998). The identification of successful teaching methodologies in the NSW Higher School Certificate: A research report for the NSW Department of Education & Training. Sydney: University of Western Sydney. Barber, M. & Mourshed, M. (2007). How the world’s best-performing school systems come out on top. London: McKinsey & Company. Dinham, S. (2008). How to get your school moving and improving. Melbourne: ACER Press. Dinham, S., Ingvarson, L. & Kleinhenz, E. (2008). Investing in teacher quality: Doing what matters most, in Teaching Talent: The best teachers for Australia’s classrooms. Melbourne: Business Council of Australia. Available at: http://www.bca.com.au/ Content/99520.aspx Dreyfus, S. & Dreyfus, H. (1980). A five- stage model of the mental activities involved in directed skill acquisition. Operations Research Centre, University of California, Berkeley. Gaines, A. (2009). Rewarding Quality Teaching. Perth: Gerard Daniels. Available at www.mceecdya.edu.au/verve/_ resources/Rewarding_Teacher_Quality- Final_Report_-_GDA_2009.pdf Hoad, K., Munro, J., Pearn, C., Rowe, K.S., & Rowe, K.J. (2005). Working Out What Works: Training and resource manual. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research. Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. Oxford: Routledge. Hattie, J. (2003). Teachers make a difference: What is the research evidence? Australian Council for Educational Research – Research Conference. Available at www. acer.edu.au/documents/Hattie_ TeachersMakeADifference.pdf Rowe, K.J. (2006). Effective teaching practices for students with and without learning difficulties: Constructivism as a legitimate theory of learning and of teaching? Background paper to keynote address presented at the NSW DET Office of Schools Portfolio Forum, Sydney. Available at www.acer.edu.au/ documents/Rowe-EffectiveTeachingPract icesJuly2006.pdf ‘SALARY STRUCTURES FOR TEACHERS NEED TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE AS INSTRUMENTS FOR PROMOTING WIDESPREAD USE OF SUCCESSFUL TEACHING PRACTICES.... WE kNOW THAT GOOD TEACHERS MATTER, BUT WE MUST START TO ACT AS IF WE REALLY BELIEVED IT.’